Hyaluronan substratum holds mesenchymal stem cells in slow-cycling mode by prolonging G1 phase

Chi Mou Liu, Chen Hsiang Yu, Chiung Hsin Chang, Chao Chin Hsu, Lynn L.H. Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


We examined, in vitro, whether hyaluronan induces slow cycling in placenta-derived mesenchymal stem cells (PDMSCs) by comparing cell growth on a hyaluronan-coated surface with cell growth on a tissue-culture polystyrene surface. The hyaluronan-coated surface significantly downregulated the proliferation of PDMSCs, more of which were maintained in the G 0/G1 phases than were cells on the tissue-culture polystyrene surface. Both PKH-26 labeling and BrdU incorporation assays showed that most PDMSCs grown on a hyaluronan-coated surface duplicated during cultivation indicating that the hyaluronan-coated surface did not inhibit PDMSCs from entering the cell cycle. Mitotic synchronization showed that the G 1-phase transit was prolonged in PDMSCs growing on a hyaluronan-coated surface. Increases in p27Kip1 and p130 were the crucial factors that allowed hyaluronan to lengthen the G1 phase. Thus, hyaluronan might be a promising candidate for maintaining stem cells in slow-cycling mode by prolonging their G1-phase transit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)435-443
Number of pages9
JournalCell and Tissue Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Dec

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology
  • Cell Biology


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