Native hyaluronic acid (HA) is reported to be a weak anticomplementary agent. However, the normal buffer systems used for complement tests incorporate gelatin, Ca2+ and Mg2+, which may bind to HA, influence its conformation and interfere with its anticomplementary reactions with complement components such as Cl. In this study, metal ions (Ca2+ and Mg2+), gelatin and fibronectin appeared to react with native HA preparations and block their anticomplementary effects on Cl. In previous studies, we obtained evidence for a relationship between reversible heat-induced HA conformational changes and a subsequent reversible increase in anticomplementary activity. The anticomplementary activity of heat-treated HA preparations was also reduced by gelatin.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology