Hydraulic jumps in an inclined rectangular chute contraction were studied in this paper. Theoretical equations for the sequent-area and sequent-depth ratios for hydraulic jumps in the contraction were developed considering the effects of contracting width and sloping bottom. The equation of the sequent-area ratio (instead of the sequent-depth ratio) has the same form as the traditional Belanger equation for the sequent-depth ratio for hydraulic jumps in a horizontal rectangular constant-width channel (HRCW channel). A modified approach Froude number M, including the effects of contracting width and sloping bottom, was introduced to replace the approach Froude number F1 in analyzing hydraulic jumps in the contraction. Laboratory experiments of hydraulic jumps in inclined contractions were also conducted to verify the theoretical sequent-area ratio and also to develop the empirical equations of the location of the start of the jump, flow depth of the start of the jump, length of the jump, and energy loss of the jump. The calculation procedure for the application of the presented equations is also provided in this paper.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Hydraulic Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 2009 Nov 2|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Water Science and Technology
- Mechanical Engineering