Hydro-processing of biomass-derived oil into straight-chain alkanes

Wei Cheng Wang, Chung Hung Hsieh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Initially converting the glyceride-based oils derived from biomass into straight-chain alkanes are necessary for producing hydro-processed renewable jet (HRJ). In this study, palm oil was turned into C15–C18 alkanes over two different catalysts, Pd/C and NiMo/γ-Al2O3, with various reaction conditions such as temperature, pressure, weight hourly space velocity (WHSV) and H2-to-oil ratio. The fresh and used catalysts after hydro-processing reaction were then characterized through the techniques including TGA, FTIR, XRD and SEM. The liquid products were analysed through GC-MS/FID and the concentrations of C15–C18 were determined. The gas products, such as CO2, CO, C3H8, CH4 and H2, were analysed through GC-TCD for indirectly “visualizing” the reaction, including the performances of hydro-deoxygenation (HDO) as well as decarbonylation/decarboxylation, hydrogenolysis, the occurrence of methanation and the consumption of hydrogen. The suggested experimental conditions over these two catalysts were elaborated based on the concentration of n-alkanes and gas products.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-74
Number of pages12
JournalChemical Engineering Research and Design
Volume153
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jan

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Alkanes
Paraffins
Oils
Biomass
Catalysts
Processing
Gases
Methanation
Glycerides
Hydrogenolysis
Palm oil
Carbon Monoxide
Hydrogen
Scanning electron microscopy
Liquids
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

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Hydro-processing of biomass-derived oil into straight-chain alkanes. / Wang, Wei Cheng; Hsieh, Chung Hung.

In: Chemical Engineering Research and Design, Vol. 153, 01.2020, p. 63-74.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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