Hydrogen generation ability of B-site substituted two-dimensional Can-1Tin-3Nb3O3n+1 perovskite nanosheets in photoelectrochemical cell

Thi Bao Ngoc Le, Chia-Wei Chang, Yen Hsun Su

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Many semiconductor materials have been researched for hydrogen evolution application, in which 2D nanosheet materials are given a bunch of investigation due to their suitable energy band edges and proper band gap. The studying of a novel B-site substituted 2D perovskite nanosheets, Can-1Tin-3Nb3O3n+1 (CTNO), with a layer number n = 4, 5, and 6 shows that these n-type semiconductors have unique properties with large band gaps (3.71 – 3.78 eV). These Dion-Jacobson family members, titaniobate nanosheets, are fabricated by substituting partially transition metal Ti elements into the Nb element positions (B sites) of the niobate (NbO6) perovskite structure. A well crystalline structure and the ability in hydrogen generation are exhibited. The energy band diagrams of CTNO (n = 4, 5, and 6) nanosheets are determined and established. The photoelectrochemical devices made of B-site substituted CTNOnanosheets are carried out for investigating of the ability in hydrogen generation reaction. The CTNO (n = 5) nanosheets performs the water splitting capability with the highest hydrogen generation efficiency. The hydrogen generation efficiency is improved by a p-n composite combining CTNO (n = 4, 5, and 6) nanosheets with a conductive polymer of PEDOT:PSS. The highest efficiency of hydrogen generation is belonging to CTNO (n = 4)/PEDOT:PSS with a hydrogen formation rate of 5.576 × 102 µmol h−1 g−1. Concerning all these performances, these Dion Jacobson phase CTNO (n = 4, 5, and 6) nanosheets are considered for ultrathin scale photoelectrochemical cell or phototransistor applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102623
JournalSurfaces and Interfaces
Volume36
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Feb

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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