Hydrogen production from methane under the interaction of catalytic partial oxidation, water gas shift reaction and heat recovery

Wei Hsin Chen, Ting Wei Chiu, Chen I. Hung

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28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hydrogen production from the combination of catalytic partial oxidation of methane (CPOM) and water gas shift reaction (WGSR), viz. the two-stage reaction, in a Swiss-roll reactor is investigated numerically. Particular emphasis is placed on the interaction among the reaction of CPOM, the cooling effect due to steam injection and the excess enthalpy recovery with heat recirculation. A rhodium (Rh) catalyst bed sitting at the center of the reactor is used to trigger CPOM, and two different WGSRs, with the aids of a high-temperature (Fe-Cr-based) shift catalyst and a low-temperature (Cu-Zn-based) shift catalyst, are excited. Two important parameters, including the oxygen/methane (O/C) ratio and the steam/methane (S/C) ratio, affecting the efficiencies of methane conversion and hydrogen production are taken into account. The predictions indicate that the O/C ratio of 1.2 provides the best production of H2 from the two-stage reaction. For a fixed O/C ratio, the H2 yield is relatively low at a lower S/C ratio, stemming from the lower performance of WGSR, even though the cooling effect of steam is lower. On the contrary, the cooling effect becomes pronounced as the S/C ratio is high to a certain extent and the lessened CPOM leads to a lower H2 yield. As a result, with the condition of gas hourly space velocity (GHSV) of 10,000 h-1, the optimal operation for hydrogen production in the Swiss-roll reactor is suggested at O/C = 1.2 and S/C = 4-6.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12808-12820
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume35
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Dec 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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