Hypertonic saline (HTS) induces bronchoconstriction. Potential mechanisms were evaluated in a human nasal provocation model. Aliquots of normal saline (1 x NS, 100 μl) and higher concentrations (3 x NS, 6 x NS, 12 x NS, 24 x NS) were sprayed into one nostril at 5-min intervals. Lavage fluids were collected from the ipsilateral and contralateral sides to determine the concentrations of specific mucus constituents. Nasal cavity air-space volume was assessed by acoustic rhinometry (AcRh). The distribution of substance-P-preferring neurokinin-1 (NK-1) receptor mRNA was assessed by in situ reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. Unilateral HTS induced unilateral dose-dependent increases in sensations of pain, blockage, and rhinorrhea, the weights of recovered lavage fluids, and concentrations of total protein, lactoferrin, mucoglycoprotein markers, and substance P. Contralateral, reflex-mediated effects were minor. There were no changes in IgG or AcRh measurements. NK-1 receptor mRNA was localized to submucosal glands. HTS caused pain with unilateral substance P release. The presumed nociceptive nerve efferent axon response led to glandular exocytosis, presumably through actions on submucosal gland NK-1 receptors. Vascular processes, including plasma exudation, filling of venous sinusoids, and mucosal edema were not induced in these normal subjects.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine