Three new diterpenoids, 2-O-lactoylborapetoside B (1), 6′-O- lactoylborapetoside B (2), and tinocrispol A (3), and nine known diterpenoids (4-12) were isolated from an EtOH extract of Tinospora crispa vines. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analyses. The C-6 glucosyloxy group in borapetoside C (6) was revised to be α-oriented. The in vivo hypoglycemic activities of the major components, borapetosides A-C (4-6), were examined. Intraperitoneal injection of 4 and 6 (5 mg/kg) showed significant lowering of plasma glucose levels in normal and streptozotocin-induced type 1 diabetic mice. Borapetoside C increased glucose utilization in peripheral tissues and reduced hepatic gluconeogenesis, accounting for the hypoglycemic effect.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Molecular Medicine
- Pharmaceutical Science
- Drug Discovery
- Complementary and alternative medicine
- Organic Chemistry