Identification and compensation of position-dependent geometric errors of rotary axes on five-axis machine tools by using a touch-trigger probe and three spheres

Yu Ta Chen, Pruthvikumar More, Chien Sheng Liu, Chih Chun Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

For the machining accuracy of five-axis machine tools, it must be emphasized that not only the PIGEs but also the PDGEs of rotary axes influence the machining accuracy. However, until now there is no any commercial measurement system available for identifying the PDGEs in the rotary axes of five-axis machine tools. As a result, this study proposes a robust, efficient, and automatic measurement method to identify and compensate the position-dependent geometric errors (PDGEs) of rotary axes on five-axis machine tools. The proposed measurement method has established an on-machine measurement for the PDGEs of rotary axes by using a touch-trigger probe and three spheres installed on the spindle as well as the tilting rotary table, respectively. For each rotary axis, only a single measuring pattern is implemented to measure the PDGEs with a single setup, which delineates the advantages of efficient and automated identifying procedures in each periodical measurement. By implementing the proposed measurement method, 12 PDGEs can be numerically identified based on the measurement algorithm, which is built through a kinematic error model as well as a least square method. Finally, the proposed measurement method is experimentally conducted on a commercial five-axis machine tool. Moreover, after consequently performing the proposed measurement method, the PDGEs of the rotary axes were quantitatively compensated by the commercial controller to validate its feasibility. The experimental results have clearly delineated that the linear errors and angular errors are reduced from at most 37.81 μm and 10.23 mdeg to 0.9 μm and 0.26 mdeg, respectively. Consequently, the experimental results have demonstrated that the proposed measurement method is efficient and precise.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3077-3089
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology
Volume102
Issue number9-12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jun 19

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Machine tools
Machining
Compensation and Redress
Kinematics
Controllers

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Software
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Identification and compensation of position-dependent geometric errors of rotary axes on five-axis machine tools by using a touch-trigger probe and three spheres",
abstract = "For the machining accuracy of five-axis machine tools, it must be emphasized that not only the PIGEs but also the PDGEs of rotary axes influence the machining accuracy. However, until now there is no any commercial measurement system available for identifying the PDGEs in the rotary axes of five-axis machine tools. As a result, this study proposes a robust, efficient, and automatic measurement method to identify and compensate the position-dependent geometric errors (PDGEs) of rotary axes on five-axis machine tools. The proposed measurement method has established an on-machine measurement for the PDGEs of rotary axes by using a touch-trigger probe and three spheres installed on the spindle as well as the tilting rotary table, respectively. For each rotary axis, only a single measuring pattern is implemented to measure the PDGEs with a single setup, which delineates the advantages of efficient and automated identifying procedures in each periodical measurement. By implementing the proposed measurement method, 12 PDGEs can be numerically identified based on the measurement algorithm, which is built through a kinematic error model as well as a least square method. Finally, the proposed measurement method is experimentally conducted on a commercial five-axis machine tool. Moreover, after consequently performing the proposed measurement method, the PDGEs of the rotary axes were quantitatively compensated by the commercial controller to validate its feasibility. The experimental results have clearly delineated that the linear errors and angular errors are reduced from at most 37.81 μm and 10.23 mdeg to 0.9 μm and 0.26 mdeg, respectively. Consequently, the experimental results have demonstrated that the proposed measurement method is efficient and precise.",
author = "Chen, {Yu Ta} and Pruthvikumar More and Liu, {Chien Sheng} and Cheng, {Chih Chun}",
year = "2019",
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AU - Chen, Yu Ta

AU - More, Pruthvikumar

AU - Liu, Chien Sheng

AU - Cheng, Chih Chun

PY - 2019/6/19

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AB - For the machining accuracy of five-axis machine tools, it must be emphasized that not only the PIGEs but also the PDGEs of rotary axes influence the machining accuracy. However, until now there is no any commercial measurement system available for identifying the PDGEs in the rotary axes of five-axis machine tools. As a result, this study proposes a robust, efficient, and automatic measurement method to identify and compensate the position-dependent geometric errors (PDGEs) of rotary axes on five-axis machine tools. The proposed measurement method has established an on-machine measurement for the PDGEs of rotary axes by using a touch-trigger probe and three spheres installed on the spindle as well as the tilting rotary table, respectively. For each rotary axis, only a single measuring pattern is implemented to measure the PDGEs with a single setup, which delineates the advantages of efficient and automated identifying procedures in each periodical measurement. By implementing the proposed measurement method, 12 PDGEs can be numerically identified based on the measurement algorithm, which is built through a kinematic error model as well as a least square method. Finally, the proposed measurement method is experimentally conducted on a commercial five-axis machine tool. Moreover, after consequently performing the proposed measurement method, the PDGEs of the rotary axes were quantitatively compensated by the commercial controller to validate its feasibility. The experimental results have clearly delineated that the linear errors and angular errors are reduced from at most 37.81 μm and 10.23 mdeg to 0.9 μm and 0.26 mdeg, respectively. Consequently, the experimental results have demonstrated that the proposed measurement method is efficient and precise.

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