Introduction: Accurate identification of slow conducting regions in patients with scar-related atrial tachycardia (AT) is difficult using conventional electrogram annotation for cardiac electroanatomic mapping (EAM). Estimating delays between neighboring mapping sites is a potential option for activation map computation. We describe our initial experience with CARTO 3 Coherent Mapping (Biosense Webster Inc,) in the ablation of complex ATs. Methods: Twenty patients (58 ± 10 y/o, 15 males) with complex ATs were included. We created three-dimensional EAMs using CARTO 3 system with CONFIDENSE and a high-resolution mapping catheter (Biosense Webster Inc). Local activation time and coherent maps were used to aid in the identification of conduction isthmus (CI) and focal origin sites. System-defined slow or nonconducting zones and CI, defined by concealed entrainment (postpacing interval < 20 ms), CV < 0.3 m/s and local fractionated electrograms were evaluated. Results: Twenty-six complex ATs were mapped (mean: 1.3 ± 0.7 maps/pt; 4 focal, 22 isthmus-dependent). Coherent mapping was better in identifying CI/breakout sites where ablation terminated the tachycardia (96.2% vs 69.2%; P =.010) and identified significantly more CI (mean/chamber 2.0 ± 1.1 vs 1.0 ± 0.7; P <.001) with narrower width (19.8 ± 10.5 vs 43.0 ± 23.9 mm; P <.001) than conventional mapping. Ablation at origin and CI sites was successful in 25 (96.2%) with long-term recurrence in 25%. Conclusions: Coherent mapping with conduction velocity vectors derived from adjacent mapping sites significantly improved the identification of CI sites in scar-related ATs with isthmus-dependent re-entry better than conventional mapping. It may be used in conjunction with conventional mapping strategies to facilitate recognition of slow conduction areas and critical sites that are important targets of ablation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)