This study investigates the nonlinear optical properties of azo-dye-doped nematic and polymer-dispersed liquid crystal (ADDPDLC) films with nano-sized LC droplets using the Z-scan technique, which is a simple but powerful technique for measuring the optical Kerr constants of materials. The results indicate that the optical Kerr constant (n2) of the azo-dye-doped nematic LC (ADDLC) film is large because of the photoisomerization effect and the thermal effect. Therefore, the optical Kerr constant of this material can be modulated by varying the temperature of the sample and the direction of polarization of incident laser. The range of n2 modulated is from -5.26 × 10-3 to 1.62 × 10-3 cm2/W. The optical Kerr constants of ADDPDLC films at various temperatures are also measured. The experimental results reveal that liquid crystals in the ADDPDLC film strengthen the nonlinearity. The n2 of the ADDPDLC film is maximal at ∼35 °C, because of the decrease in the clearing temperature of the ADDPDLC films. The clearing temperatures of the liquid crystals (E7), and the ADDPDLC film used in this work were found to be 61 °C and 43 °C, respectively.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering