Fas-associated factor 1 (FAF1) was originally isolated as a Fas-associated factor and was subsequently found to interact with numerous other proteins that are involved in various cellular events including Fas-mediated apoptosis, nuclear factor (NF)-κB, Wnt/β-catenin, and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β signaling pathways, mineralocorticoid receptor (MR)-mediated transactivation, and ubiquitin-dependent processes. Herein, we defined two small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO)-interacting motifs (SIMs) within FAF1 and demonstrated to be crucial for transcriptional modulation of the MR. Our study demonstrated that the SIMs of FAF1 do not play a significant role in regulating its subcellular localization, Fas-mediated apoptosis, or NF-κB or Wnt/β-catenin pathways. Remarkably, FAF1 interacts with the sumoylated MR and represses aldosterone-activated MR transactivation in a SIM-dependent manner. Moreover, silencing of endogenous FAF1 in cells resulted in an increase in the induction of MR target genes by aldosterone, indicating that FAF1 functions as an MR co-repressor. We further provide evidence to suggest that the mechanisms of FAF1/SIM-mediated MR transrepression involve inhibition of MR N/C interactions and promotion of MR polyubiquitination and degradation. Sumoylation has been linked to impacting of repressive properties on several transcription factors and cofactors. Our findings therefore provide mechanistic insights underlying SUMO-dependent transcriptional repression of the MR.
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research|
|Publication status||Published - 2019 Aug|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology