Ha-rasVal 12 overexpression was positively correlated with colony formation by NIH/3T3 derivative "2-12" cells harboring an inducible Ha-rasVal 12 transgene. The ras-farnesylation inhibitor, Lovastatin, completely suppressed colony formation at higher dosages. However, Ha-ras oncogene overexpression alone could not stimulate colony formation under serum-deprived conditions, suggesting that ras is required but not sufficient for supporting colony formation. Substituting cow colostrum (AC-2®) for serum did not result in colony formation from 2-12 cells in soft agar, suggesting the colostrum lacked or contained insufficient amounts of factors that stimulate colony formation. Supplementation of AC-2®-containing medium with growth factors, such as insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), partially restored the capability of anchorage-independent cell growth induced by Ha-ras overexpression. Consistently, antibodies specific for IGF-1 receptors only partially blocked colony formation from 2-12 cells. The data indicate that multiple factors, including IGF-1, are required for Ha-ras-dependent colony formation. Signal transduction studies revealed that, under Ha-ras overexpression conditions, IGF-1 utilizes phosphatidyl inositol 3-kinase and NF-κB to transduce colony formation-related signaling.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)