Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is the maximum critical cardiovascular event and causes high morbidity and mortality worldwide. The ischemia and reperfusion that occur in AMI cause apoptosis and cellular dysfunction in cardiomyocytes. IL-20, an IL-10 family member, is involved in various inflammatory diseases. Therefore, we sought to elucidate the role of IL-20 in the infarcted heart following ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. We found that IL-20 and its receptors, IL-20R1 and IL-20R2, were increased in H2C2 cardiomyoblast cells and ventricular tissues subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) stimulation. The presence of IL-20 further inhibited the cell viability of H9C2 cells and primary cardiomyocytes. Our results suggested that IL-20 elicited an increase in Ca2+ and activation of the PKC/NADPH oxidase pathway, leading to the elevation of oxidase stress and downregulation of AKT. Furthermore, we demonstrated that IL-20 was able to mediate H/R-induced apoptosis via PKC/NADPH oxidase/AKT signaling. Our findings implied that IL-20 was responsive to H/R stress in vitro and in rat hearts undergoing I/R injury, and this upregulation of IL-20 may contribute to the apoptosis of cardiomyocytes.
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease|
|Publication status||Published - 2020 May 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Molecular Biology