Activated sludge has been utilized for the treatment of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) which are emitted from industrial processes. Nevertheless, activated sludge systems often suffer from the problem caused by concentration gradients as well as pressure drops. Channeling is also a major problem in the treatment process. As the bed height of the packed activated sludge system increases, the pressure drop increases accordingly. To solve these problems, we proposed immobilized activated sludge column reactors for treating VOCs in air. The immobilization material used to mix with activated sludge was properly selected in this work. Elemental compositions of these materials were analyzed. In this study, we also proposed a VOC feed system so that more stable inlet concentrations could be achieved. Hence, the equipment and operating costs were reduced and the problem of VOCs leaking from peristaltic pumps was avoided. The moisture content of the system was well maintained and better VOC removal efficiency was achieved. With an operation condition of progressive VOC inlet concentrations, better removal efficiency of benzene and toluene was then obtained. In conclusion, by the utilization of immobilization materials selected from wastes as well as immobilized activated sludge column reactors, significant removal efficiency for both benzene and toluene was demonstrated.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology