Immobilization materials mixed with activated sludge as column biofilters for the treatment of gaseous stream containing benzene and toluene

Mei-Jywan Syu, Yuan W. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Activated sludge has been utilized for the treatment of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) which are emitted from industrial processes. Nevertheless, activated sludge systems often suffer from the problem caused by concentration gradients as well as pressure drops. Channeling is also a major problem in the treatment process. As the bed height of the packed activated sludge system increases, the pressure drop increases accordingly. To solve these problems, we proposed immobilized activated sludge column reactors for treating VOCs in air. The immobilization material used to mix with activated sludge was properly selected in this work. Elemental compositions of these materials were analyzed. In this study, we also proposed a VOC feed system so that more stable inlet concentrations could be achieved. Hence, the equipment and operating costs were reduced and the problem of VOCs leaking from peristaltic pumps was avoided. The moisture content of the system was well maintained and better VOC removal efficiency was achieved. With an operation condition of progressive VOC inlet concentrations, better removal efficiency of benzene and toluene was then obtained. In conclusion, by the utilization of immobilization materials selected from wastes as well as immobilized activated sludge column reactors, significant removal efficiency for both benzene and toluene was demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-244
Number of pages6
JournalBioprocess Engineering
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Jan 1

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Biofilters
Volatile Organic Compounds
Toluene
Sewage
Benzene
Volatile organic compounds
Immobilization
Pressure drop
Pressure
Operating costs
Moisture
Air
Pumps
Costs and Cost Analysis
Equipment and Supplies
Chemical analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Cite this

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abstract = "Activated sludge has been utilized for the treatment of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) which are emitted from industrial processes. Nevertheless, activated sludge systems often suffer from the problem caused by concentration gradients as well as pressure drops. Channeling is also a major problem in the treatment process. As the bed height of the packed activated sludge system increases, the pressure drop increases accordingly. To solve these problems, we proposed immobilized activated sludge column reactors for treating VOCs in air. The immobilization material used to mix with activated sludge was properly selected in this work. Elemental compositions of these materials were analyzed. In this study, we also proposed a VOC feed system so that more stable inlet concentrations could be achieved. Hence, the equipment and operating costs were reduced and the problem of VOCs leaking from peristaltic pumps was avoided. The moisture content of the system was well maintained and better VOC removal efficiency was achieved. With an operation condition of progressive VOC inlet concentrations, better removal efficiency of benzene and toluene was then obtained. In conclusion, by the utilization of immobilization materials selected from wastes as well as immobilized activated sludge column reactors, significant removal efficiency for both benzene and toluene was demonstrated.",
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AU - Syu, Mei-Jywan

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N2 - Activated sludge has been utilized for the treatment of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) which are emitted from industrial processes. Nevertheless, activated sludge systems often suffer from the problem caused by concentration gradients as well as pressure drops. Channeling is also a major problem in the treatment process. As the bed height of the packed activated sludge system increases, the pressure drop increases accordingly. To solve these problems, we proposed immobilized activated sludge column reactors for treating VOCs in air. The immobilization material used to mix with activated sludge was properly selected in this work. Elemental compositions of these materials were analyzed. In this study, we also proposed a VOC feed system so that more stable inlet concentrations could be achieved. Hence, the equipment and operating costs were reduced and the problem of VOCs leaking from peristaltic pumps was avoided. The moisture content of the system was well maintained and better VOC removal efficiency was achieved. With an operation condition of progressive VOC inlet concentrations, better removal efficiency of benzene and toluene was then obtained. In conclusion, by the utilization of immobilization materials selected from wastes as well as immobilized activated sludge column reactors, significant removal efficiency for both benzene and toluene was demonstrated.

AB - Activated sludge has been utilized for the treatment of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) which are emitted from industrial processes. Nevertheless, activated sludge systems often suffer from the problem caused by concentration gradients as well as pressure drops. Channeling is also a major problem in the treatment process. As the bed height of the packed activated sludge system increases, the pressure drop increases accordingly. To solve these problems, we proposed immobilized activated sludge column reactors for treating VOCs in air. The immobilization material used to mix with activated sludge was properly selected in this work. Elemental compositions of these materials were analyzed. In this study, we also proposed a VOC feed system so that more stable inlet concentrations could be achieved. Hence, the equipment and operating costs were reduced and the problem of VOCs leaking from peristaltic pumps was avoided. The moisture content of the system was well maintained and better VOC removal efficiency was achieved. With an operation condition of progressive VOC inlet concentrations, better removal efficiency of benzene and toluene was then obtained. In conclusion, by the utilization of immobilization materials selected from wastes as well as immobilized activated sludge column reactors, significant removal efficiency for both benzene and toluene was demonstrated.

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