Impact of mindfulness-based stress reduction on female sexual function and mental health in patients with breast cancer

Yun Chen Chang, Gen Min Lin, Tzu Lin Yeh, Yuh Ming Chang, Ching Hsu Yang, Chi Lo, Chun Yin Yeh, Wen Yu Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: There have been few studies using mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) to improve sexual function in Asian women with breast cancer. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of mindfulness intervention on female sexual function, mental health, and quality of life in patients with breast cancer. Methods: Fifty-one women with breast cancer were allocated into 6-week MBSR (n=26) sessions or usual care (n=25), without differences in group characteristics. The research tools included the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21 (DASS-21), and the EuroQol instrument (EQ-5D). The Greene Climacteric Scale (GCS) was used to verify the foregoing scale. The effects of MBSR were evaluated by the differences between the post- and pre-intervention scores in each scale. Statistical analyses consisted of the descriptive dataset and Mann-Whitney ranked-pairs test. Results: Although MBSR did not significantly improve sexual desire and depression in patients with breast cancer, MBSR could improve parts of female sexual function [i.e., Δarousal: 5.73 vs. -5.96, Δlubrication: 3.35 vs. -3.48, and Δsatisfaction: 8.48 vs. 1.76; all p <.005], with a range from small to medium effect sizes. A significantly benefits were found on mental health [Δanxiety: -10.92 vs.11.36 and Δstress: -10.96 vs.11.40; both p <.001], with large effect sizes, ranging from 0.75 to 0.87. Conclusion: Our study revealed that MBSR can improve female sexual function and mental health except for sexual desire and depression in women with breast cancer. Medical staff can incorporate MBSR into clinical health education for patients with breast cancer to promote their overall quality of life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4315-4325
Number of pages11
JournalSupportive Care in Cancer
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2022 May

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology


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