Impaired responsiveness of platelets to epinephrine due to α2A adrenoreceptor deficiency in Male Chinese

Tsun Mei Lin, Jih Shyan Lin, Jen Yu Tseng, Shang Yin Wu, Tsai Yun Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Epinephrine is known as a weak, but important, agonist for platelet activation. It has been reported that the responsiveness of platelets to epinephrine was markedly impaired in 6% of Caucasians and in 16% of Japanese. The purpose of this study was to screen and characterize this abnormality in healthy Taiwanese Chinese volunteers. We used aggregometry, flow cytometry and platelet function analyzer (PFA)-100 system to assess in 50 healthy male volunteers the responsiveness of platelets to epinephrine stimulation. Using α2A adrenoceptor antagonist BRL44408 maleate competition and a [3H]yohimbin binding assay, we evaluated α2A adrenoceptors on platelets. The aggregation of platelets after stimulation with 10 μM of epinephrine indicated two distinct groups of study participants: 24 (48.0%) good-and 26 (52.0%) impaired-responders to epinephrine. Flow cytometric analysis of platelets after stimulated with 1 μM epinephrine showed that glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa and P-selectin expression of epinephrine good-and impaired-responders were 27.1 ± 11.0% vs. 9.9 ± 5.4% (p = 0.003) and 12.2 ± 6.2% vs. 3.6 ± 3.5% (p < 0.001), respectively. The PFA-100 system showed that epinephrine-impaired-responders had a longer collagen-epinephrine induced closure time. Good-responder platelets incubated with BRL44408 maleate had an impaired response to epinephrine stimulation. [3H]yohimbine binding studies showed fewer α2A adrenoreceptors on the platelets of epinephrine-impaired-responders than on those of good-responders. The prevalence of impaired responsiveness to epinephrine was high and probably due to α2A adrenoreceptor deficiency in male Taiwanese Chinese.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-154
Number of pages6
JournalPlatelets
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Feb 17

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hematology

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