In comparison with the biocatalyst engineering and medium engineering approaches, very few examples have been reported on using the substrate engineering approach such as substrate-assisted catalysis (SAC) for naturally occurring or engineered lipases and serine proteases to improve the enzyme activity and enantioselectivity. By employing lipase-catalyzed hydrolysis of (R,S)-naproxen esters in water-saturated isooctane as the model system, we demonstrate the proton shuttle device to the leaving alcohol of the substrate as a new means of SAC to effectively improve the lipase activity or enantioselectivity. The result cannot only provide a strong evidence for the rate-limiting proton transfer for the bond-breaking of tetrahedron intermediate of the acylation step, but also sheds light for performing the hydrolysis, transesterification or aminolysis in organic solvents for the ester substrate that originally lipases cannot catalyze, but now can after introducing the device.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Proteins and Proteomics|
|Publication status||Published - 2006 Aug 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Molecular Biology