Improved efficiency of organic light-emitting diodes using CoPc buffer layer

Po Ching Kao, Sheng Yuan Chu, Zong Xian You, S. J. Liou, Chan An Chuang

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, the remarkable improvements in turn-on voltage and luminance have been demonstrated in an organic light-emitting diode (OLED) using cobalt phthalocyanine (CoPc) layer as a hole injection layer (HIL) in a device structure of ITO/CoPc/NPB (60 nm)/Alq3 (75 nm)/LiF (1 nm)/Al (200 nm). The J-V, L-V and ηp-V characteristics were measured at room temperature with a thickness variation of CoPc layer. The improvement of the luminance intensity by a factor of more than two has been obtained and the turn-on voltage at 1 cd/m2 decreased about 1 V with the CoPc layer. We propose that such an improvement is mainly due to the relative energy level of the highest-occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) band between that of the NPB hole transport layer (HTL) and the Fermi level of ITO anode, leading to enhance the hole injection from the ITO to organic layer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-253
Number of pages5
JournalThin Solid Films
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Mar 1
EventProceedings of the Third Asian Conference on Chemical Vapor Deposition (Third Asian-CVD), Third Asian CVD -
Duration: 2004 Nov 122004 Nov 14

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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