Hydrogen storage properties of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) modified by oxidative etching and decoration of Pd spillover catalysts are investigated. A mixed H2SO4/H2O2 solution containing ferrous ions (Fe2+) is useful to open the caps, to shorten the length, and to generate defects on CNTs. The Pd catalysts are deposited on the CNTs with the aid of supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2); as a result, a highly dispersed Pd nanoparticles and an intimate connection between Pd and carbon surface can be obtained. Combination of the two approaches can optimize a hydrogen spillover reaction on CNTs, resulting in a superior hydrogen storage capacity of 1.54 wt% (at 25 °C and 6.89 MPa), which corresponds to an enhancement factor of ∼4.5 as compared to that of pristine CNTs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology