The use of a refractive index matching (RIM) structure with indium zinc oxide (IZO) transparent conduction layer and SiO2 nanotube (SiO 2-NT) arrays to improve light extraction of vertical structure KOH-etched GaN-based light emitting diodes (VLEDs) is demonstrated. Compared to regular VLED with KOH-roughened surface, it shows considerable gains in light emitted critical angle and light output power by 21.3° and 103% at 350 mA, respectively. These improvements could be attributed to the effectiveness of the IZO/SiO2-NT RIM scheme in ameliorating current crowding and significantly minimizing the total internal reflection effect.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)