The effect localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) of Au nanoparticles was studied on the photocatalytic activity of TiO2 film. We used the thermal hydrolysis method to prepare 300 nm TiO2 film and the sodium citrate reduced method to synthesize gold nanoparticles. The photocatalytic activities of Au/TiO2, Au@SiO2/TiO2, and TiO2 films were evaluated by the degree of MB photodegradation under similar conditions with simultaneous UV (365 nm) and visible-light (400 nm < λ < 700 nm) irradiation for 5 h. The degree of MB photodegradation was in the following order: Au@SiO2/TiO2 > Au/TiO 2 > TiO2. Although the SiO2 shell prevented the electron trap effect, the MB photodegradation efficiency of Au@SiO 2/TiO2 was superior to that of Au/TiO2 because its LSPR was much higher. To validate the experimental results, the electric field intensity around the gold nanoparticles was simulated by the finite element method (FEM). In the presence of gold nanoparticles, the LSPR effect increased the surrounding intensity of electric field that enhanced the photocatalytic activities. Furthermore, from the simulation results, Au@SiO 2/TiO2 showed EM field improvement of nearly 9 times compared with Au/TiO2. The SiO2 coating significantly increased the LSPR effect of gold nanoparticles. We named this new core-shell structure "shell-isolated plasmonic photocatalyst".
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films