Ultraviolet (UV) detection and electrical characteristics of In0.17Al0.83N/AlN/GaN metal-oxide-semiconductor heterostructure field-effect transistors (MOS-HFETs) with Al2O3 gate-dielectric and passivation formed by using ultrasonic spray pyrolysis deposition (USPD) are studied with respect to a conventional Schottky-gate HFET. The present MOS-HFET (Schottky-gate HFET) has demonstrated superior spectral responsivity (SR) of 360 (340) A/W at 350 nm at VGS = 5 (3) V and VDS = 6 (7) V, maximum drain-source saturation current density ( IDS, max) of 810.5 (546.6) mA/mm, maximum extrinsic transconductance of (gm, max) of 180.4 (221.2) mS/mm, gate-voltage swing (GVS) of 2.4 (0.5) V, on/off current ratio (Ion/Ioff) of 5.5 × 108 (1.7 × 105), two-terminal off-state gate-drain breakdown voltage (BVGD) of -158.5 (-127) V, three-terminal drain-source breakdown voltage (BVDS) of 162 (83.4) V at VGS = -10 V, and power-added efficiency (P.A.E.) of 26.3% (16.5%) at 2.4 GHz at 300 K. In addition to the improved device performance, this paper demonstrates, for the first time, the UV sensing based on an InAlN/AlN/GaN MOS-HFET design.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering