Improved Understanding of Learning Characteristics among International Students in Post-Baccalaureate Medical Education for Sustainable Development

Hsiang Chin Hsu, Tzu Ching Sung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Ensuring the success of medical students in post-baccalaureate training is crucial for providing sustainable, high-quality healthcare worldwide. However, international medical students encounter unique sustainability challenges that may affect their ability to learn and excel in medical schools. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate and assess the key attributes of learning styles and attitudes among first- and second-year medical students from a university in Southern Taiwan using the Attitudes Toward Thinking and Learning Survey (ATTLS). In November 2022, a cross-sectional survey and purposive sampling were used to recruit all 43 international medical students. Factor analysis was employed to identify and simplify complex personality traits associated with learning styles and attitudes. The resulting four-factor solution, which accounted for 70.364% of the total variance, was labeled as follows: Factor 1 “Understanding, Interaction Insights, and Empathy”, Factor 2 “Respect, Trust, and an Objective and Rational Vision of Multicultural Diversity”, Factor 3 “Comment, Debate, and Declare One’s Position”, and Factor 4 “Critical Thinking, Logical and Rational Problem Solving, and Rigorous Inference”. This study highlights the significance of connected knowers, who possess both Factor 1 and Factor 2, in providing holistic empathy and multicultural insight for future pedagogy. The four factors identified in this research can serve as a guide for developing teaching strategies that consider students’ diverse learning preferences and needs. By cultivating connected knowers, this research contributes to the sustainable improvement of pedagogical quality and the reduction of non-intellectual challenges in the classroom.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7631
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Volume15
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 May

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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