Improving English as a foreign language writing in elementary schools using mobile devices in familiar situational contexts

Wu Yuin Hwang, Holly S.L. Chen, Rustam Shadiev, Ray Yueh Min Huang, Chia Yu Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Citations (Scopus)


This research proposed a situational learning system to help elementary school students practice and improve their English as a foreign language (EFL) writing skills. Students carried out assigned writing tasks using the support of mobile devices in situations deemed to be familiar to the students, such as on the school playground, within classroom facilities, and at lunch. The study recruited 59 sixth-grade students from two separate EFL classes. A class of 28 students was identified as the experimental group, and another class of 31 students was assigned as the control group. The students of the experimental group carried mobile devices to carry out EFL writing assignments within specific and familiar subject environments, stimulating real-life situations or contexts. The results of the experiment indicated a significant difference in learning achievement between the two groups. Students in the experimental group perceived the designed activities to be fun; thus, they were more inclined to maintain interest in situated learning scenarios. Furthermore, based on interviews with participating students from both groups, we found that the activities presented within familiar contexts, and supported by our proposed EFL writing system, inspired students to not only write more sentences, but to describe the target objects clearly and thoroughly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)359-378
Number of pages20
JournalComputer Assisted Language Learning
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Oct

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Computer Science Applications

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