Improving rubber concrete by waste organic sulfur compounds

Liang Hisng Chou, Chun Nan Lin, Chun Ku Lu, Cheng Haw Lee, Maw Tien Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, the use of crumb tyres as additives to concrete was investigated. For some time, researchers have been studying the physical properties of concrete to determine why the inclusion of rubber particles causes the concrete to degrade. Several methods have been developed to improve the bonding between rubber particles and cement hydration products (C-S-H) with the hope of creating a product with an improvement in mechanical strength. In this study, the crumb tyres were treated with waste organic sulfur compounds from a petroleum refining factory in order to modify their surface properties. Organic sulfur compounds with amphiphilic properties can enhance the hydrophilic properties of the rubber and increase the intermolecular interaction forces between rubber and C-S-H. In the present study, a colloid probe of C-S-H was prepared to measure these intermolecular interaction forces by utilizing an atomic force microscope. Experimental results showed that rubber particles treated with waste organic sulfur compounds became more hydrophilic. In addition, the intermolecular interaction forces increased with the adsorption of waste organic sulfur compounds on the surface of the rubber particles. The compressive, tensile and flexural strengths of concrete samples that included rubber particles treated with organic sulfur compound also increased significantly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-35
Number of pages7
JournalWaste Management and Research
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Feb

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Pollution

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