Defects in perovskite film are sources of charge recombination centers, which are detrimental to the performance of perovskite solar cells (PSCs). To decrease the density of defects, dodecylamine (DAM), dodecylic acid (DAC), and 12-aminolauric acid (ALA) are utilized as additives to prepare methyl ammonium lead iodide (MAPbI3) perovskite films. Herein, the passivation effects of these molecules on the properties of the MAPbI3 films and the performances of the corresponding PSCs are studied. The results show that DAM and DAC which contain –NH2 and –COOH groups, respectively, can increase the PCEs of the devices. This result implies that both groups serve as the Lewis base, passivating the defects of undercoordinated Pb2+. For the ALA molecules, the –NH2 and –COOH groups are present simultaneously at the two ends of the molecule; the passivation ability is more significant than the others, which is attributable to the synergistic effects of the two groups. By the passivation of ALA, the PCE of the PSC can increase from 18.42% to 19.96% under one sun illumination. Furthermore, the treatments of the passivation agents also increase the hydrophobicity of the perovskite films, improving the stability of the PSCs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering