In situ Akt phosphorylation in the nucleus tractus solitarii is involved in central control of blood pressure and heart rate

Hsiao Ning Huang, Pei Jung Lu, Wan Chen Lo, Chia Hui Lin, Michael Hsiao, Ching Jiunn Tseng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background - Previously, we have shown that nitric oxide (NO) plays a significant role in central cardiovascular regulation and modulates the baroreflex in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) of rats. NO production is mediated by activation of NO synthase (NOS). Insulin signaling was involved in controlling peripheral blood pressure via the activation of endothelial NOS. Here, we investigated whether the insulin signal transduction pathway is involved in controlling central cardiovascular effects. Methods and Results - Insulin was injected into NTS of urethane-anesthetized male Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. Unilateral microinjection (60 nL) of insulin (100 IU/mL) into the NTS produced prominent depressor and bradycardic effects in 8- and 16-week-old WKY rats. In addition, pretreatment with the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor LY294002 and the NOS inhibitor L-NAME into the NTS caused attenuation of the cardiovascular response evoked by insulin in either 8- or 16-week-old WKY rats. Western blot analysis showed a significant increase (2.6±0.4-fold; P<0.05) in Akt phosphorylation after insulin injection, whereas LY294002 abolished the insulin-induced effects. In situ Akt phosphorylation was found in NTS by immunohistochemistry analysis after injection of insulin. This in situ Akt phosphorylation was abolished significantly after injection of LY294002. Conclusions - Take together, these results suggest that the insulin-PI3K-Akt-NOS signaling pathway may play a significant role in central cardiovascular regulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2476-2483
Number of pages8
JournalCirculation
Volume110
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Oct 19

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Solitary Nucleus
Heart Rate
Phosphorylation
Insulin
Blood Pressure
Nitric Oxide Synthase
2-(4-morpholinyl)-8-phenyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one
Inbred WKY Rats
Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase
Injections
Nitric Oxide
Baroreflex
Urethane
NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester
Microinjections
Signal Transduction
Western Blotting
Immunohistochemistry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Huang, Hsiao Ning ; Lu, Pei Jung ; Lo, Wan Chen ; Lin, Chia Hui ; Hsiao, Michael ; Tseng, Ching Jiunn. / In situ Akt phosphorylation in the nucleus tractus solitarii is involved in central control of blood pressure and heart rate. In: Circulation. 2004 ; Vol. 110, No. 16. pp. 2476-2483.
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abstract = "Background - Previously, we have shown that nitric oxide (NO) plays a significant role in central cardiovascular regulation and modulates the baroreflex in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) of rats. NO production is mediated by activation of NO synthase (NOS). Insulin signaling was involved in controlling peripheral blood pressure via the activation of endothelial NOS. Here, we investigated whether the insulin signal transduction pathway is involved in controlling central cardiovascular effects. Methods and Results - Insulin was injected into NTS of urethane-anesthetized male Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. Unilateral microinjection (60 nL) of insulin (100 IU/mL) into the NTS produced prominent depressor and bradycardic effects in 8- and 16-week-old WKY rats. In addition, pretreatment with the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor LY294002 and the NOS inhibitor L-NAME into the NTS caused attenuation of the cardiovascular response evoked by insulin in either 8- or 16-week-old WKY rats. Western blot analysis showed a significant increase (2.6±0.4-fold; P<0.05) in Akt phosphorylation after insulin injection, whereas LY294002 abolished the insulin-induced effects. In situ Akt phosphorylation was found in NTS by immunohistochemistry analysis after injection of insulin. This in situ Akt phosphorylation was abolished significantly after injection of LY294002. Conclusions - Take together, these results suggest that the insulin-PI3K-Akt-NOS signaling pathway may play a significant role in central cardiovascular regulation.",
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In situ Akt phosphorylation in the nucleus tractus solitarii is involved in central control of blood pressure and heart rate. / Huang, Hsiao Ning; Lu, Pei Jung; Lo, Wan Chen; Lin, Chia Hui; Hsiao, Michael; Tseng, Ching Jiunn.

In: Circulation, Vol. 110, No. 16, 19.10.2004, p. 2476-2483.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - In situ Akt phosphorylation in the nucleus tractus solitarii is involved in central control of blood pressure and heart rate

AU - Huang, Hsiao Ning

AU - Lu, Pei Jung

AU - Lo, Wan Chen

AU - Lin, Chia Hui

AU - Hsiao, Michael

AU - Tseng, Ching Jiunn

PY - 2004/10/19

Y1 - 2004/10/19

N2 - Background - Previously, we have shown that nitric oxide (NO) plays a significant role in central cardiovascular regulation and modulates the baroreflex in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) of rats. NO production is mediated by activation of NO synthase (NOS). Insulin signaling was involved in controlling peripheral blood pressure via the activation of endothelial NOS. Here, we investigated whether the insulin signal transduction pathway is involved in controlling central cardiovascular effects. Methods and Results - Insulin was injected into NTS of urethane-anesthetized male Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. Unilateral microinjection (60 nL) of insulin (100 IU/mL) into the NTS produced prominent depressor and bradycardic effects in 8- and 16-week-old WKY rats. In addition, pretreatment with the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor LY294002 and the NOS inhibitor L-NAME into the NTS caused attenuation of the cardiovascular response evoked by insulin in either 8- or 16-week-old WKY rats. Western blot analysis showed a significant increase (2.6±0.4-fold; P<0.05) in Akt phosphorylation after insulin injection, whereas LY294002 abolished the insulin-induced effects. In situ Akt phosphorylation was found in NTS by immunohistochemistry analysis after injection of insulin. This in situ Akt phosphorylation was abolished significantly after injection of LY294002. Conclusions - Take together, these results suggest that the insulin-PI3K-Akt-NOS signaling pathway may play a significant role in central cardiovascular regulation.

AB - Background - Previously, we have shown that nitric oxide (NO) plays a significant role in central cardiovascular regulation and modulates the baroreflex in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) of rats. NO production is mediated by activation of NO synthase (NOS). Insulin signaling was involved in controlling peripheral blood pressure via the activation of endothelial NOS. Here, we investigated whether the insulin signal transduction pathway is involved in controlling central cardiovascular effects. Methods and Results - Insulin was injected into NTS of urethane-anesthetized male Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. Unilateral microinjection (60 nL) of insulin (100 IU/mL) into the NTS produced prominent depressor and bradycardic effects in 8- and 16-week-old WKY rats. In addition, pretreatment with the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor LY294002 and the NOS inhibitor L-NAME into the NTS caused attenuation of the cardiovascular response evoked by insulin in either 8- or 16-week-old WKY rats. Western blot analysis showed a significant increase (2.6±0.4-fold; P<0.05) in Akt phosphorylation after insulin injection, whereas LY294002 abolished the insulin-induced effects. In situ Akt phosphorylation was found in NTS by immunohistochemistry analysis after injection of insulin. This in situ Akt phosphorylation was abolished significantly after injection of LY294002. Conclusions - Take together, these results suggest that the insulin-PI3K-Akt-NOS signaling pathway may play a significant role in central cardiovascular regulation.

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