In situ observations of instabilities in the mesopause region using foil chaff technique during the Waves in Airglow Structures Experiment (WAVE) campaigns

Yoshiko Koizumi, Minoru Kubota, Yasuhiro Murayama, Makoto Abo, Michihiro Uchiumi, Kiyoshi Igarashi, Naomoto Iwagami, Takumi Abe, Oyama Koichiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to investigate the dynamics of the mesopause region, foil chaff experiments were carried out successfully during the WAVE2000 and WAVE2004 campaigns at Kagoshima, Japan. In the WAVE2004 campaign, the height profiles of the horizontal and vertical wind speeds were obtained. The wind shear layers of >40 m/s/km were located around the altitudes of 89 and 95 km, and the profile of the Richardson number reveals the existence of dynamically unstable layers at about the same height region. Ripple observations using the all-sky imagers also support the possibility of dynamical instabilities. In the WAVE2000 campaign, a prominent small-scale feature around an altitude of 90.5 km appeared in both the horizontal and vertical chaff motions. These results demonstrate that the foil chaff technique is a valuable tool for in situ observation of small-scale turbulence features around the mesopause.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberD20114
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres
Volume114
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jan 1

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chaff
mesopause
foil
airglow
Metal foil
foils
Richardson number
wind shear
ripple
Image sensors
Turbulence
experiment
wind velocity
turbulence
Experiments
shear layers
profiles
ripples
wind speed
shears

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

Koizumi, Yoshiko ; Kubota, Minoru ; Murayama, Yasuhiro ; Abo, Makoto ; Uchiumi, Michihiro ; Igarashi, Kiyoshi ; Iwagami, Naomoto ; Abe, Takumi ; Koichiro, Oyama. / In situ observations of instabilities in the mesopause region using foil chaff technique during the Waves in Airglow Structures Experiment (WAVE) campaigns. In: Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres. 2009 ; Vol. 114, No. 20.
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abstract = "In order to investigate the dynamics of the mesopause region, foil chaff experiments were carried out successfully during the WAVE2000 and WAVE2004 campaigns at Kagoshima, Japan. In the WAVE2004 campaign, the height profiles of the horizontal and vertical wind speeds were obtained. The wind shear layers of >40 m/s/km were located around the altitudes of 89 and 95 km, and the profile of the Richardson number reveals the existence of dynamically unstable layers at about the same height region. Ripple observations using the all-sky imagers also support the possibility of dynamical instabilities. In the WAVE2000 campaign, a prominent small-scale feature around an altitude of 90.5 km appeared in both the horizontal and vertical chaff motions. These results demonstrate that the foil chaff technique is a valuable tool for in situ observation of small-scale turbulence features around the mesopause.",
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In situ observations of instabilities in the mesopause region using foil chaff technique during the Waves in Airglow Structures Experiment (WAVE) campaigns. / Koizumi, Yoshiko; Kubota, Minoru; Murayama, Yasuhiro; Abo, Makoto; Uchiumi, Michihiro; Igarashi, Kiyoshi; Iwagami, Naomoto; Abe, Takumi; Koichiro, Oyama.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, Vol. 114, No. 20, D20114, 01.01.2009.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Koizumi, Yoshiko

AU - Kubota, Minoru

AU - Murayama, Yasuhiro

AU - Abo, Makoto

AU - Uchiumi, Michihiro

AU - Igarashi, Kiyoshi

AU - Iwagami, Naomoto

AU - Abe, Takumi

AU - Koichiro, Oyama

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