Incorporating Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index with early surgical intervention can maximize survival in high-risk Fournier's gangrene patients

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Abstract

Objectives: To determine the optimal surgical timing in high-risk patients with Fournier's gangrene by the Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index. Methods: From 1989 to 2018, 118 male patients diagnosed with Fournier's gangrene with complete medical records were retrospectively reviewed. Patients’ demographics, laboratory parameters at initial diagnosis, Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index and Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index, and the time interval from emergency room arrival to surgical intervention were collected. The Fournier's gangrene patients were categorized into low-risk (Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index ≤2) and high-risk groups (Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index >2). Differences between the variables within the two groups were analyzed. The optimal surgical timing was analyzed with the receiver operating characteristic curve in high-risk Fournier's gangrene patients. Results: The overall mortality of 118 Fournier's gangrene patients was 14.4%. After risk stratification with the Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index scoring system, the mortality of low-risk and high-risk Fournier's gangrene patients was 1.3% and 41.0%, respectively. In the high-risk group, the time interval from emergency room arrival to surgical intervention was the only variable with a significant difference between survivors and non-survivors (P = 0.039). The optimal surgical timing was determined at 14.35 h, which allowed the highest sensitivity (0.688) and specificity (0.762) to affect mortality. The mortality was significantly lower in high-risk Fournier's gangrene patients with early surgical intervention compared with late intervention (23.8% vs 68.8%, P = 0.007). Conclusions: The Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index is a quick and reliable screening tool for first-line physicians to identify high-risk patients with Fournier's gangrene (Simplified Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index >2) who have poor survival outcomes. We recommended early surgical intervention within 14.35 h to maximize the survival of high-risk Fournier's gangrene patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)737-743
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Urology
Volume26
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jul

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Urology

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