Incorporating Tidal Uncertainty into the Methodology of Probabilistic Tsunami Hazard Analysis

En Chi Wu, Yen Lung Chen, Han Lun Wu, Kai Cheng Hu, Shih Chun Hsiao, Yuan Chieh Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The Circum-Pacific Belt has become active in recent years, and the earthquake in the border area of land and sea probably causes tsunami disaster. The hazard includes overflow flooded, building damage, casualties, and radiation crisis of nuclear power plant. To quantify the risk, probabilistic tsunami hazard analysis (PTHA) serves as a robust methodology. The uncertainty stemming from the deviation of modeling, named aleatory uncertainty, is considered with including the tidal effect on the tsunami. To deal with the aleatory uncertainty, we incorporate tidal uncertainty into PTHA. Different static tidal stages are set in Cornell Multi-grid Coupled Tsunami model (COMCOT) to evaluate tsunami hazards. Three kinds of method are presented. One could apply theoretical probability distribution to different maximum wave height by the Gaussian Method. On the other hand, the and Delta;t method and the Pattern Method combine tsunami events with a typical year of tidal record. The difference between these methods are discussed, and the Pattern Method is regarded as the most rigorous way. Finally, the method of incorporating tidal uncertainty into PTHA has been established and been utilized to Maanshan nuclear power plant in Taiwan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)691-695
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Coastal Research
Publication statusPublished - 2018 May 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Earth-Surface Processes


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