Increased risk of end-stage renal disease in patients with systemic sclerosis

C. Y. Lin, Y. J. Su, T. T. Cheng, C. H. Wu, J. F. Chen, S. F. Yu, Y. C. Chen, C. Y. Hsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a systemic autoimmune disease affecting multiple organs, including the kidneys. There is a lack of long-term renal prognosis studies on patients with SSc. The aim of this study was to assess the risk of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in patients with SSc. Method: We designed a prospective cohort study based on the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan. Patients with SSc and a non-SSc control group were selected from 1 January 2000 to 31 December 2013. The SSc cohort and control group were matched on the propensity score in a 1:2 ratio. The primary outcome was development of ESRD. Cox proportional hazard regression was performed to assess the effects of SSc on ESRD. Results: After propensity score matching, we enrolled 2012 patients in the SSc group and 4024 patients in the control group. During a mean follow-up of 6.5 years, 86 individuals [SSc group, n = 41 (2.04%); control group, n = 45 (1.12%)] had developed ESRD. The risk of ESRD in the SSc group was approximately two times higher than that in the control group [hazard ratio (HR) = 2.12, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.39–3.24]. Subgroup analysis revealed that the higher risk of ESRD was predominantly in males (HR = 4.14, 95% CI 1.97–8.71) and the younger population (HR = 7.09, 95% CI 2.31–21.80). Conclusion: There was a significantly higher risk of ESRD among SSc patients than among the general population, with males and younger generations being the most vulnerable groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)120-127
Number of pages8
JournalScandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
Volume51
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology

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