Infiltration mechanism simulation of artificial groundwater recharge: A case study at Pingtung Plain, Taiwan

Hsun Huang Hsieh, Cheng Haw Lee, Cheh Shyh Ting, Jung Wei Chen

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11 Citations (Scopus)


This paper discusses the artificial groundwater recharge effect of high-infiltration basins. For this purpose, the hydrogeological parameters of the study area are collected to construct a conceptualized physical model. The TOUGH2 numerical simulation software is then used to simulate the infiltration behavior of an artificial recharge into an underground aquifer. Four wells (MW-1, MW-2, MW-3, and MW-4) are observed at the field site, after which the groundwater levels are compared with the simulation results. It is found that good agreement exists between the observed and numerical data for MW-1 and MW-2. However, the observed groundwater level in MW-3 is higher than the simulated level. We also find that MW-3 is at the edge of the artificial recharge lake, and that the high groundwater level may well be the result of a portion of the infiltration load following the well border into the well screen. Conversely, the groundwater level in MW-4 is found to be lower than in the simulated well due to local permeability in the well location. Finally, the numerical results predict that the groundwater level will attain a steady state at approximately 47 h after the onset of infiltration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1353-1360
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Earth Sciences
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jun

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Pollution
  • Geology
  • Earth-Surface Processes


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