Influence of flowable composite lining thickness on class II composite restorations

Shu-Fen Chuang, Y. T. Jin, Jia-Kuang Liu, Chih-Han Chang, Dar-Bin Shieh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This in vitro study aimed to investigate the influence of flowable composite lining with different thicknesses on the marginal quality and internal porosity of Class II composite restorations. Thirty-two intact molars, each prepared with two box-only Class II cavities, were randomly divided into four groups: Group 1, P60 filling alone; Group 2, ultrathin flowable composite lining/co-cured with overlaying composite; Group 3, thin lining/pre-cured and Group 4, thick lining/pre-cured. The teeth were then thermocycled for 1500 cycles (between 5°C and 60°C) and dye immersed for 24 hours. Exterior surface replicas of these restorations were fabricated before and after thermocycling and examined by SEM to evaluate percentages of the five marginal patterns. Data was statistically evaluated using one-way ANOVA test. The teeth were subsequently sectioned longitudinally. The interface microleakage of cervical margin was measured as to the extent of dye penetration. Internal voids were separately recorded in the cervical interface and the cervical and occlusal halves of the restorations. Mann-Whitney test was applied to analyze the interface microleakage and internal voids. Results revealed that replicas of Group 4 presented the highest percentage of marginal openings both before and after thermocycling in SEM examination. Group 2 exhibited superior marginal quality in interface microleakage evaluation compared to the other groups, while Group 4 exhibited the worst. The pre-cured groups (Group 3 and 4) showed significant reduction in interface and cervical voids. Despite the reduction in interface voids, a thick lining may impair the marginal sealing, especially after thermocycling. It was concluded that a minimally thin flowable composite lining improved cavity adaptation and marginal sealing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-308
Number of pages8
JournalOperative Dentistry
Volume29
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2004 May 1

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Tooth
Coloring Agents
Porosity
Analysis of Variance
flowable hybrid composite
In Vitro Techniques

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "This in vitro study aimed to investigate the influence of flowable composite lining with different thicknesses on the marginal quality and internal porosity of Class II composite restorations. Thirty-two intact molars, each prepared with two box-only Class II cavities, were randomly divided into four groups: Group 1, P60 filling alone; Group 2, ultrathin flowable composite lining/co-cured with overlaying composite; Group 3, thin lining/pre-cured and Group 4, thick lining/pre-cured. The teeth were then thermocycled for 1500 cycles (between 5°C and 60°C) and dye immersed for 24 hours. Exterior surface replicas of these restorations were fabricated before and after thermocycling and examined by SEM to evaluate percentages of the five marginal patterns. Data was statistically evaluated using one-way ANOVA test. The teeth were subsequently sectioned longitudinally. The interface microleakage of cervical margin was measured as to the extent of dye penetration. Internal voids were separately recorded in the cervical interface and the cervical and occlusal halves of the restorations. Mann-Whitney test was applied to analyze the interface microleakage and internal voids. Results revealed that replicas of Group 4 presented the highest percentage of marginal openings both before and after thermocycling in SEM examination. Group 2 exhibited superior marginal quality in interface microleakage evaluation compared to the other groups, while Group 4 exhibited the worst. The pre-cured groups (Group 3 and 4) showed significant reduction in interface and cervical voids. Despite the reduction in interface voids, a thick lining may impair the marginal sealing, especially after thermocycling. It was concluded that a minimally thin flowable composite lining improved cavity adaptation and marginal sealing.",
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Influence of flowable composite lining thickness on class II composite restorations. / Chuang, Shu-Fen; Jin, Y. T.; Liu, Jia-Kuang; Chang, Chih-Han; Shieh, Dar-Bin.

In: Operative Dentistry, Vol. 29, No. 3, 01.05.2004, p. 301-308.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Influence of flowable composite lining thickness on class II composite restorations

AU - Chuang, Shu-Fen

AU - Jin, Y. T.

AU - Liu, Jia-Kuang

AU - Chang, Chih-Han

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