In this study, we investigate the influence of molecular geometry of the donor polymers and the perylene diimide dimers (di-PDIs) on the bulk heterojunction (BHJ) morphology in the nonfullerene polymer solar cells (PSCs). The results reveal that the pseudo 2D conjugated poly[4,8-bis(5-(2-ethylhexyl)thiophen-2-yl)benzo[1,2-b;4,5-b′]dithiophene-2,6-diyl-alt-(4-(2-ethylhexyl)-3-fluorothieno[3,4-b]thiophene-)-2-carboxylate-2-6-diyl)] (PTB7-Th) has better miscibility with both bay-linked di-PDI (B-di-PDI) and hydrazine-linked di-PDI (H-di-PDI) compared to its 1D analog, poly[[4,8-bis[(2-ethylhexyl)oxy]benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b′]dithiophene-2,6-diyl][3-fluoro-2-[(2-ethylhexyl)carbonyl]thieno[3,4-b]thiophenediyl]] (PTB7), to facilitate more efficient exciton dissociation in the BHJ films. However, the face-on oriented π-π stacking of PTB7-Th is severely disrupted by the B-di-PDI due to its more flexible structure. On the contrary, the face-on oriented π-π stacking is only slightly disrupted by the H-di-PDI, which has a more rigid structure to provide suitable percolation pathways for charge transport. As a result, a very high power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 6.41% is achieved in the PTB7-Th:H-di-PDI derived device. This study shows that it is critical to pair suitable polymer donor and di-PDI-based acceptor to obtain proper BHJ morphology for achieving high PCE in the nonfullerene PSCs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics