Photocatalysis is a facile and eco-friendly approach for the removal of dyes and organic compounds, water splitting, and CO2 reduction and fixation. Herein we report the first use of P,S,O-co-doped graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) to produce a photocatalyst hydrogel. The hydrogels are generated by photoinitiated crosslinking of N,N-dimethylacrylamide and N,N-methylenebis(acrylamide) with modified g-C3N4 materials and the photocatalytic activity is evaluated by monitoring the degradation of methyl blue (MB) solutions. S- or O-doping creates C‒S or C‒O bonds, respectively, by replacement N atoms, while P-doping produces P‒N bonds by substitution of C in the heptazine rings of g-C3N4. Based on a combination of theoretical calculations and experimental analyses, phosphorus, sulfur, and oxygen doping considerably facilitates charge separation across the heptazine rings and attracts photoexcited electrons, thus contributing to enhanced photocatalytic activity of doped g-C3N4. The P,S,O-co-doped g-C3N4 hydrogel exhibited high photocatalytic activity for MB removal under simulated solar irradiation and could be easily isolated and cleaned for reuse. Thus, this study reports the formation of a state-of-the-art photocatalyst hydrogel from P,S,O-co-doped g-C3N4 with enhanced photocatalytic activity and demonstrated reusability.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)