Modulation of the oxygen distribution is liable for the electrical performance of oxide-based devices. When the top electrode (TE) is deposited on the active layer, an oxygen exchange layer (OEL) may be formed at the interface. Oxygen ions can be absorbed and offered in OEL to assist resistive switching (RS). In this study, the impact of different TEs (Al, Zr, Ta and Au) on the active layer TaOx is investigated. TEs are chosen based on the reduction potential (E0Al=-2.13V, E0Zr=-1.55V, E0Ta=-0.75V, E0Au=1.52V), which determines whether OEL is formed. Based on TEM micrographs, as the difference of TE reduction potential to E0Ta becomes more negative, a thicker OEL exists. We find that Zr TE device has the most stable I-V characteristic and data retention, while Al TE device suffers from the reset failure, and Au TE device fails to switch. Moreover, we fabricate two different thicknesses (20 nm and 120 nm) of Zr TE and alter the operation ambient to vacuum (10-5 Torr) to study the influence on RS. The magnitude of reset voltage becomes larger when the devices are measured in vacuum ambient. According to these findings, the RS mechanism with different TE materials, thicknesses and at the different operation ambient is established.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)