Previous studies indicated that exogenous dopamine and its agonists directly regulated mitogen-induced immune cell proliferation. In this study, we further investigated role of endogenous dopamine in immune cell growth. Haloperidol, a general antagonist for dopamine receptors, could reduce the cell growth rate of T cell hybridoma (10I) and rat nervous pheochromocytoma cells (PC 12). Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) catalyzes the initial rate-limiting step of catecholamine biosynthesis in the nervous system. Flow cytometric analysis indicated the expression of TH in various immune cells. The presence of TH in PC12 cells was used as a control. Temporal studies indicated that the expression of TH increased during 101 cell growth. Both α-methyl-p-tyrosine and 1-methyl- 4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine reduced TH expression and cell growth in a dose-dependent manner. These results suggest that immune T cells express TH which is correlated to cell growth, and that dopamine released from these cells may bind to the receptors to act in an autocrine or paracrine way.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)