Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) utilizing the well-defined localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) of Ag and Au nanoparticles (NPs) under resonant irradiation has emerged as a promising spectroscopy technique for providing vibrational information on trace molecules. The Raman scattering intensity from molecules close to the surface of these finely divided metals can be significantly enhanced by a factor of more than 106. In addition to the high sensitivity, the reproducibility of the SERS signal is also an important parameter for its reliable application. In this work, we report on the innovative and facile fabrication of a Au NP-decorated SiO2 mask coated on indium tin oxide (ITO) glass as a SERS array substrate. First, a highly ordered porous SiO2 mask with pore sizes of 350 nm in diameter and wall thickness of 60 nm was deposited on ITO glass by using spin coating. Then, Au NPs were controllably decorated into the pores of the conductive ITO glass-bottomed SiO2 mask by using sonoelectrochemical deposition–dissolution cycling (SEDDC). Experimental results indicate that the SERS effect of Rhodamine 6G (R6G) observed on this developed substrate increases with an increase in the deposition time of Au NPs in SEDDC. The corresponding optimal enhancement factor (EF) that is obtained is ca. 6.5 × 107. Significantly, this system achieves an optimal reproducibility under a medium-length deposition time of Au NPs in SEDDC with a relative standard deviation (RSD) of 12% for measurements of five spots on different areas. The low RSD of the SERS signal and the large EF suggest that the developed array system can serve as an excellent spectroscopy platform for practical applications in analytical chemistry.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Environmental Chemistry