Installation and practical operation of the first micro hydro power system in Taiwan using irrigation water in an agriculture canal

Li Wang, Dong Jing Lee, Jian Hong Liu, Zan Zia Chen, Zone Yuan Kuo, Huei Yuan Jang, Jiunn Ji You, Jin Tsang Tsai, Ming Hua Tsai, Wcy Tau Lin, Yeun Jong Lee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents the design, installation, and field-measurement results of the first micro hydro power (MHP) generation system in Taiwan. This MHP prototype employs the irrigation water flowing in one of the irrigation canals of Yunlin irrigation association of Taiwan. Since the primary function of the irrigation canal is to distribute irrigation water to farmlands, the designed MHP must meet the canal conditions such as depth, width, water flow rate, etc. The designed MHP unit consists of a water wheel containing 16 blades, a mechanical shaft, two bearings, a gear box, a three-phase permanent-magnet generator (PMG), an AC-to-DC converter, and a DC-to-AC inverter. A PLC-based monitoring and control system for the MHP unit is also properly designed. The low rotational speed of the water wheel can be speeded up to the required rotational speed of the PMG through the designed gear box. The employed irrigation canal taking irrigation water from a large nearby stream has adjustable maximum water flow rate of around 6 m 3 /s. After proper reinforced mechanical installations and fundamental electrical-loading test procedures, this prototype MHP set exhibits a very stable mechanical strength to withstand severe water fluctuations and random water flow rates. The future work of this prototype can be extended to install multiple identical MHP sets using the same irrigation canal. The larger electrical power generated by the multiple MHP sets can be delivered to a neighboring distribution system in order to achieve energy saving and take the advantage of renewable green power.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIEEE Power and Energy Society 2008 General Meeting
Subtitle of host publicationConversion and Delivery of Electrical Energy in the 21st Century, PES
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Sep 29
EventIEEE Power and Energy Society 2008 General Meeting: Conversion and Delivery of Electrical Energy in the 21st Century, PES - Pittsburgh, PA, United States
Duration: 2008 Jul 202008 Jul 24

Publication series

NameIEEE Power and Energy Society 2008 General Meeting: Conversion and Delivery of Electrical Energy in the 21st Century, PES

Other

OtherIEEE Power and Energy Society 2008 General Meeting: Conversion and Delivery of Electrical Energy in the 21st Century, PES
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityPittsburgh, PA
Period08-07-2008-07-24

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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