Insufficient Physical Activity and Overweight: Does Caregiver Screen-Viewing Matter?

Yi Ching Lin, Xavier C.C. Fung, Meng-Che Tsai, Carol Strong, Yi Ping Hsieh, Chung Ying Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Physical activity (PA) is essential for children’s health and well-being, yet many children around the world do not meet the recommended PA levels. Screen-viewing behavior is one of the possible factors leading to low levels of PA and being overweight. Although research in Western countries shows that caregivers’ screen-viewing behavior and rule-setting are associated with their children’s screen-viewing behavior, these results may not be generalizable to East Asian populations. Therefore, the current study proposed two mediation models to investigate whether insufficient physical activity mediates the relationship between children’s screen viewing behavior and overweight status, and whether such screen-viewing behavior mediates the relationship between caregiver factors and children’s overweight status. The participants in this study comprised 1031 elementary school students (516 boys and 515 girls) in Taiwan. Through a cross-sectional design, caregivers reported their children’s PA levels, screen-viewing time, body mass index (BMI), home environment, and caregivers’ rules regarding screen-time restrictions. Additionally, an χ2 test was used to examine the differences between children with and without sufficient PA. The results from χ2 tests suggest that, in the insufficient PA group, the caregivers tended to have excessive screen time per day and have no rules to manage their children’s screen-viewing behavior. Furthermore, the children in this group were more likely to have excessive screen-viewing time per day than their counterparts. Sobel tests revealed that insufficient PA was a mediator in the relationship between children’s screen-viewing behavior and being overweight. Children’s screen-viewing behavior was also found to be a mediator in the relationship between caregivers’ factors and being overweight. The results of the current study indicate that caregivers’ screen-viewing behavior and caregivers’ screen-viewing rules may be associated with their children’s insufficient PA levels and overweight problems, which, in turn, are related to their children’s screen-viewing behavior. Future efforts at childhood overweight intervention should consider the inclusion of educational and behavioral programs designed for caregivers, rather than targeting children alone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)286-297
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Child and Family Studies
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 15

Fingerprint

Caregivers
caregiver
Exercise
Taiwan
Body Mass Index
mediation
elementary school
Group
Students
well-being
childhood
inclusion
time
Research
Population
health

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

Cite this

Lin, Yi Ching ; Fung, Xavier C.C. ; Tsai, Meng-Che ; Strong, Carol ; Hsieh, Yi Ping ; Lin, Chung Ying. / Insufficient Physical Activity and Overweight : Does Caregiver Screen-Viewing Matter?. In: Journal of Child and Family Studies. 2019 ; Vol. 28, No. 1. pp. 286-297.
@article{4ac575298b584f93a6437498c503c50d,
title = "Insufficient Physical Activity and Overweight: Does Caregiver Screen-Viewing Matter?",
abstract = "Physical activity (PA) is essential for children’s health and well-being, yet many children around the world do not meet the recommended PA levels. Screen-viewing behavior is one of the possible factors leading to low levels of PA and being overweight. Although research in Western countries shows that caregivers’ screen-viewing behavior and rule-setting are associated with their children’s screen-viewing behavior, these results may not be generalizable to East Asian populations. Therefore, the current study proposed two mediation models to investigate whether insufficient physical activity mediates the relationship between children’s screen viewing behavior and overweight status, and whether such screen-viewing behavior mediates the relationship between caregiver factors and children’s overweight status. The participants in this study comprised 1031 elementary school students (516 boys and 515 girls) in Taiwan. Through a cross-sectional design, caregivers reported their children’s PA levels, screen-viewing time, body mass index (BMI), home environment, and caregivers’ rules regarding screen-time restrictions. Additionally, an χ2 test was used to examine the differences between children with and without sufficient PA. The results from χ2 tests suggest that, in the insufficient PA group, the caregivers tended to have excessive screen time per day and have no rules to manage their children’s screen-viewing behavior. Furthermore, the children in this group were more likely to have excessive screen-viewing time per day than their counterparts. Sobel tests revealed that insufficient PA was a mediator in the relationship between children’s screen-viewing behavior and being overweight. Children’s screen-viewing behavior was also found to be a mediator in the relationship between caregivers’ factors and being overweight. The results of the current study indicate that caregivers’ screen-viewing behavior and caregivers’ screen-viewing rules may be associated with their children’s insufficient PA levels and overweight problems, which, in turn, are related to their children’s screen-viewing behavior. Future efforts at childhood overweight intervention should consider the inclusion of educational and behavioral programs designed for caregivers, rather than targeting children alone.",
author = "Lin, {Yi Ching} and Fung, {Xavier C.C.} and Meng-Che Tsai and Carol Strong and Hsieh, {Yi Ping} and Lin, {Chung Ying}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1007/s10826-018-1247-5",
language = "English",
volume = "28",
pages = "286--297",
journal = "Journal of Child and Family Studies",
issn = "1062-1024",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "1",

}

Insufficient Physical Activity and Overweight : Does Caregiver Screen-Viewing Matter? / Lin, Yi Ching; Fung, Xavier C.C.; Tsai, Meng-Che; Strong, Carol; Hsieh, Yi Ping; Lin, Chung Ying.

In: Journal of Child and Family Studies, Vol. 28, No. 1, 15.01.2019, p. 286-297.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Insufficient Physical Activity and Overweight

T2 - Does Caregiver Screen-Viewing Matter?

AU - Lin, Yi Ching

AU - Fung, Xavier C.C.

AU - Tsai, Meng-Che

AU - Strong, Carol

AU - Hsieh, Yi Ping

AU - Lin, Chung Ying

PY - 2019/1/15

Y1 - 2019/1/15

N2 - Physical activity (PA) is essential for children’s health and well-being, yet many children around the world do not meet the recommended PA levels. Screen-viewing behavior is one of the possible factors leading to low levels of PA and being overweight. Although research in Western countries shows that caregivers’ screen-viewing behavior and rule-setting are associated with their children’s screen-viewing behavior, these results may not be generalizable to East Asian populations. Therefore, the current study proposed two mediation models to investigate whether insufficient physical activity mediates the relationship between children’s screen viewing behavior and overweight status, and whether such screen-viewing behavior mediates the relationship between caregiver factors and children’s overweight status. The participants in this study comprised 1031 elementary school students (516 boys and 515 girls) in Taiwan. Through a cross-sectional design, caregivers reported their children’s PA levels, screen-viewing time, body mass index (BMI), home environment, and caregivers’ rules regarding screen-time restrictions. Additionally, an χ2 test was used to examine the differences between children with and without sufficient PA. The results from χ2 tests suggest that, in the insufficient PA group, the caregivers tended to have excessive screen time per day and have no rules to manage their children’s screen-viewing behavior. Furthermore, the children in this group were more likely to have excessive screen-viewing time per day than their counterparts. Sobel tests revealed that insufficient PA was a mediator in the relationship between children’s screen-viewing behavior and being overweight. Children’s screen-viewing behavior was also found to be a mediator in the relationship between caregivers’ factors and being overweight. The results of the current study indicate that caregivers’ screen-viewing behavior and caregivers’ screen-viewing rules may be associated with their children’s insufficient PA levels and overweight problems, which, in turn, are related to their children’s screen-viewing behavior. Future efforts at childhood overweight intervention should consider the inclusion of educational and behavioral programs designed for caregivers, rather than targeting children alone.

AB - Physical activity (PA) is essential for children’s health and well-being, yet many children around the world do not meet the recommended PA levels. Screen-viewing behavior is one of the possible factors leading to low levels of PA and being overweight. Although research in Western countries shows that caregivers’ screen-viewing behavior and rule-setting are associated with their children’s screen-viewing behavior, these results may not be generalizable to East Asian populations. Therefore, the current study proposed two mediation models to investigate whether insufficient physical activity mediates the relationship between children’s screen viewing behavior and overweight status, and whether such screen-viewing behavior mediates the relationship between caregiver factors and children’s overweight status. The participants in this study comprised 1031 elementary school students (516 boys and 515 girls) in Taiwan. Through a cross-sectional design, caregivers reported their children’s PA levels, screen-viewing time, body mass index (BMI), home environment, and caregivers’ rules regarding screen-time restrictions. Additionally, an χ2 test was used to examine the differences between children with and without sufficient PA. The results from χ2 tests suggest that, in the insufficient PA group, the caregivers tended to have excessive screen time per day and have no rules to manage their children’s screen-viewing behavior. Furthermore, the children in this group were more likely to have excessive screen-viewing time per day than their counterparts. Sobel tests revealed that insufficient PA was a mediator in the relationship between children’s screen-viewing behavior and being overweight. Children’s screen-viewing behavior was also found to be a mediator in the relationship between caregivers’ factors and being overweight. The results of the current study indicate that caregivers’ screen-viewing behavior and caregivers’ screen-viewing rules may be associated with their children’s insufficient PA levels and overweight problems, which, in turn, are related to their children’s screen-viewing behavior. Future efforts at childhood overweight intervention should consider the inclusion of educational and behavioral programs designed for caregivers, rather than targeting children alone.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85053628775&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85053628775&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10826-018-1247-5

DO - 10.1007/s10826-018-1247-5

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85053628775

VL - 28

SP - 286

EP - 297

JO - Journal of Child and Family Studies

JF - Journal of Child and Family Studies

SN - 1062-1024

IS - 1

ER -