Integrated immediate postmortem and acute bereavement care: Competency-based entrustable professional activities for nursing

Wei Shu Lai, Li Chen Liu, Hsing Mei Chen, Anastasia Anna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Integrated immediate postmortem and acute bereavement care alleviates emotional distress due to losing a loved one; however, the provision of effective nursing care remains insufficient. Therefore, preparing nursing students with such skills is essential in end-of-life care education, and entrustable professional activities (EPAs) offer potential to address this gap. Objectives: To establish EPAs concerning immediate postmortem and acute bereavement care with a seven-category description for EPAs, milestones, and assessment tools. Design: We used a modified Delphi method and four-step consensus-building approach to i) identifying the list of possible EPA items related to immediate postmortem and acute bereavement care based on a literature review and clinical experiences, ii) select an expert panel, iii) pool, review, and revise the EPAs, and iv) validate EPA quality using the Queen's EPA Quality rubric. Data analysis was performed via modes and quartile deviations. Results: The following four major EPA components were identified: i) cultural and religious ritual assessment; ii) death preparation; iii) postmortem care; and iv) acute bereavement care. Three essential competencies were identified as highly correlated: general clinical skills, communication and teamwork capabilities, and caring. Consensus was achieved after three survey rounds. A 100 % questionnaire response rate was obtained. In the third round, all items received 4 or 5 points from >95 % of the panel members and were found to meet the quartile deviation cutoff score of <0.6, indicating that a high consensus level was established. The average Queen's EPA Quality rubric score was 62.5, with an average item score of 4.46, which was higher than the cut-off score of 4.07. Three major parts of EPAs were developed: task descriptions, milestones, and the assessment tool. Conclusion: The development of EPAs assessments concerning immediate postmortem and acute bereavement care may guide nursing curricula planning to bridge the gap between competencies and clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105812
JournalNurse Education Today
Volume126
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jul

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Nursing
  • Education

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