Integrating image-based high-content screening with mouse models identifies 5-hydroxydecanoate as a neuroprotective drug for paclitaxel-induced neuropathy

Li Hsien Chen, Yuan Ting Sun, Yih Fung Chen, Mei Yi Lee, Lian Yun Chang, Jang Yang Chang, Meng Ru Shen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chemotherapy-induced neurotoxicity is a common adverse effect of cancer treatment. No medication has been shown to be effective in the prevention or treatment of chemotherapy-induced neurotoxicity. This study aimed to discover potential neuroprotective drugs for paclitaxel-induced neurotoxicity. An imagebased high-content platform was first developed to screen for potential neuroprotective drugs. The screening system comprised of automated image acquisition and multiparameter analysis, including neuronal viability, neurite outgrowth, and synaptogenesis. By this platform, we obtained a candidate list from compound libraries. In the drug screening from compound libraries of ion channel ligands, REDOX and GABAergic ligands, 5-hydroxydecanoate (5-HD) exhibited the most significant neuroprotective effects against paclitaxel-induced neurotoxicity in both cortical and dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons. In mouse behavioral tests, 5-HD restored the thermal sensitivity and alleviated mechanical allodynia induced by paclitaxel. Electron micrographs of sciatic nerve revealed that 5-HD reduced the damages caused by paclitaxel in the nonmyelinated and smaller myelinated fibers. The mechanistic study onDRG neurons suggested that 5-HD rescued the dysregulation of intracellular calcium homeostasis provoked by paclitaxel. Importantly, 5-HD did not jeopardize the antitumor effect of paclitaxel in tumor xenograft models. In conclusion, we established an imaged-based high-content screening platform and a protocol for verifying the neuroprotective effect in vivo, by which 5-HD was identified and validated as a potential neuroprotective drug for paclitaxel-induced neuropathy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2206-2214
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular cancer therapeutics
Volume14
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Oct 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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