Integration of microalgae cultivation and anaerobic co-digestion with dairy wastewater to enhance bioenergy and biochemicals production

Adi Kusmayadi, Chi Yu Huang, Yoong Kit Leong, Po Han Lu, Hong Wei Yen, Duu Jong Lee, Jo Shu Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A sequential anaerobic digestion and phycoremediation process was employed to recover nutrients and remove pollutants from dairy wastewater (DW), while simultaneously producing biomethane and biochemicals. Anaerobic digestion of 100% DW achieved a methane content and production rate of 53.7% and 0.17 L/L/d, respectively. This was accompanied by the removal of 65.5% chemical oxygen demand (COD), 86% total solid (TS), and 92.8% volatile fatty acids (VFAs). The anaerobic digestate was then used to grow Chlorella sorokiniana SU-1. Using 25% diluted digestate as the medium, SU-1 could reach 4.64 g/L biomass concentration, with total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP) and COD removal efficiencies of 77.6%, 87.1% and 70.4%, respectively. The obtained microalgal biomass (contained 38.5% carbohydrates, 24.9% proteins, 8.8% lipids) was used to co-digest with DW, resulting in good methane production performance. Co-digestion with 25% (w/v) algal biomass obtained a higher CH4 content (65.2%) and production rate (0.16 L/L/d) than other ratios.

Original languageEnglish
Article number128858
JournalBioresource technology
Volume376
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 May

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

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