The ability to research individual cells has been seen as important in many kinds of biological studies. In the present study, cell impedance analysis is integrated into a single-cell trapping structure. For the purpose of precise positioning, a cell manipulation and measurement microchip, which uses an alternating current electrothermal effect (ACET) and a negative dielectrophoresis (nDEP) force to move a particle and cell on measurement electrodes, is developed. An ACET and an nDEP can be easily combined with subsequent analyses based on electric fields. A microwell presented in a previous study is separated into two parts, which are regarded as the measurement electrodes. The original structure is modified for precise positioning. Numerical simulations and analyses are conducted to compute and analyze the effects of the structural parameters. The results of simulations and analyses are used to obtain the optimum structure for the cell. The capture range of the microwell can be designed for cells of various sizes. In order to demonstrate the precision of the positioning, a particle is captured, measured, and released twice. The results show that the impedance error of the particle is about 3%. Finally, the developed structure is applied to trap and measure the impedance of a HeLa cell.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering