Intelligent machinery fault diagnosis is one of the key technologies for the transformation and competitiveness of traditional factories. Complex production environments make it difficult to maintain good prediction performance using traditional methods. This paper proposes a deep convolutional neural network combined with an adaptive environmental noise method to achieve robust fault classification. The proposed method uses six-dimensional physical signals for data fusion and feature fusion, extracts obvious features and enhances subtle features, and uses continuous wavelets and Gramian angular fields to transform signals with different physical and frequency characteristics into time–frequency maps and two-dimensional images. The fusion technology of different signals can provide comprehensive features for fault prediction, improving upon the blind spots of traditional methods to extract features, and then perform prediction and classification through deep convolutional neural networks. In the experiment, the tool failure classification of the dental milling machine is used as a verification case. The results show that the prediction accuracy of the proposed method is nearly 100%, much better than other comparison methods. In addition, white noise was added in the experiment to verify the noise immunity of the model. The results show that the accuracy of the proposed method is 99%, which is better than other comparison methods in terms of accuracy and robustness, proving the effectiveness of the proposed method for fault diagnosis and classification.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Materials Science
- General Engineering
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Computer Science Applications
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes