Interaction between a nonionic surfactant and a hydrophobically modified 2-hydroxyethyl cellulose

Dongshun Bai, Cho Cho Khin, Shing Bor Chen, Chih Chang Tsai, Bing Hung Chen

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21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Interaction between the nonionic surfactant Tergitol 15-S-7 and hydrophobically modified 2-hydroxyethyl cellulose (HMHEC) was studied Theologically in a semidilute regime of HMHEC. The low-shear viscosity of HMHEC was increased with addition of surfactant from 25 to 250 ppm, in which the critical micelle concentration of surfactant was near 39 ppm, and then decreased to a value smaller than that of pure HMHEC with further addition of surfactant to 1000 ppm. An interesting shear-induced phenomenon was observed. The steady-state shear measurements show that there exist crossovers between viscosity-shear rate curves of HMHEC solutions with and without surfactant added, whereas it was not observed in the HEC-surfactant systems. Moreover, added Tergitol 15-S-7 reversed the temperature effect on the viscosity of the HMHEC solution. That is, increasing temperature to or near the cloud point raises the viscosity of the HMHEC - surfactant aggregates, in contrast to the viscosity decrease in the pure HMHEC solutions. A possible mechanism based on the necklace model and the clouding phenomenon is conjecturally introduced to explain such phenomena.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4909-4916
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume109
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Mar 24

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

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