Interaction between two stopped light pulses

Yi Hsin Chen, Meng Jung Lee, Weilun Hung, Ying Cheng Chen, Yong-Fan Chen, Ite A. Yu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The efficiency of a nonlinear optical process is proportional to the interaction time. We report a scheme of all-optical switching based on two motionless light pulses via the effect of electromagnetically induced transparency. One pulse was stopped as the stationary light pulse (SLP) and the other was stopped as stored light. The time of their interaction via the medium can be prolonged and, hence, the optical nonlinearity is greatly enhanced. Using a large optical density (OD) of 190, we achieved a very long interaction time of 6.9 μs. This can be analogous to the scheme of trapping light pulses by an optical cavity with a Q factor of 8×109. With the approach of using moving light pulses in the best situation, a switch can only be activated at 2 photons per atomic absorption cross section. With the approach of employing a SLP and a stored light pulse, a switch at only 0.56 photons was achieved and the efficiency is significantly improved. Moreover, the simulation results are in good agreement with the experimental data and show that the efficiency can be further improved by increasing the OD of the medium. Our work advances the technology in quantum information manipulation utilizing photons.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFrontiers in Physics - 4th International Meeting, IMFP 2013
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Pages17-26
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9780735412200
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1
Event4th International Meeting on Frontiers in Physics, IMFP 2013 - Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Duration: 2013 Aug 272013 Aug 30

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1588
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Other

Other4th International Meeting on Frontiers in Physics, IMFP 2013
CountryMalaysia
CityKuala Lumpur
Period13-08-2713-08-30

Fingerprint

pulses
interactions
optical density
photons
switches
optical switching
absorption cross sections
Q factors
manipulators
trapping
nonlinearity
cavities
simulation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Chen, Y. H., Lee, M. J., Hung, W., Chen, Y. C., Chen, Y-F., & Yu, I. A. (2014). Interaction between two stopped light pulses. In Frontiers in Physics - 4th International Meeting, IMFP 2013 (pp. 17-26). (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1588). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4866919
Chen, Yi Hsin ; Lee, Meng Jung ; Hung, Weilun ; Chen, Ying Cheng ; Chen, Yong-Fan ; Yu, Ite A. / Interaction between two stopped light pulses. Frontiers in Physics - 4th International Meeting, IMFP 2013. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2014. pp. 17-26 (AIP Conference Proceedings).
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abstract = "The efficiency of a nonlinear optical process is proportional to the interaction time. We report a scheme of all-optical switching based on two motionless light pulses via the effect of electromagnetically induced transparency. One pulse was stopped as the stationary light pulse (SLP) and the other was stopped as stored light. The time of their interaction via the medium can be prolonged and, hence, the optical nonlinearity is greatly enhanced. Using a large optical density (OD) of 190, we achieved a very long interaction time of 6.9 μs. This can be analogous to the scheme of trapping light pulses by an optical cavity with a Q factor of 8×109. With the approach of using moving light pulses in the best situation, a switch can only be activated at 2 photons per atomic absorption cross section. With the approach of employing a SLP and a stored light pulse, a switch at only 0.56 photons was achieved and the efficiency is significantly improved. Moreover, the simulation results are in good agreement with the experimental data and show that the efficiency can be further improved by increasing the OD of the medium. Our work advances the technology in quantum information manipulation utilizing photons.",
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Chen, YH, Lee, MJ, Hung, W, Chen, YC, Chen, Y-F & Yu, IA 2014, Interaction between two stopped light pulses. in Frontiers in Physics - 4th International Meeting, IMFP 2013. AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 1588, American Institute of Physics Inc., pp. 17-26, 4th International Meeting on Frontiers in Physics, IMFP 2013, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 13-08-27. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4866919

Interaction between two stopped light pulses. / Chen, Yi Hsin; Lee, Meng Jung; Hung, Weilun; Chen, Ying Cheng; Chen, Yong-Fan; Yu, Ite A.

Frontiers in Physics - 4th International Meeting, IMFP 2013. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2014. p. 17-26 (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1588).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AB - The efficiency of a nonlinear optical process is proportional to the interaction time. We report a scheme of all-optical switching based on two motionless light pulses via the effect of electromagnetically induced transparency. One pulse was stopped as the stationary light pulse (SLP) and the other was stopped as stored light. The time of their interaction via the medium can be prolonged and, hence, the optical nonlinearity is greatly enhanced. Using a large optical density (OD) of 190, we achieved a very long interaction time of 6.9 μs. This can be analogous to the scheme of trapping light pulses by an optical cavity with a Q factor of 8×109. With the approach of using moving light pulses in the best situation, a switch can only be activated at 2 photons per atomic absorption cross section. With the approach of employing a SLP and a stored light pulse, a switch at only 0.56 photons was achieved and the efficiency is significantly improved. Moreover, the simulation results are in good agreement with the experimental data and show that the efficiency can be further improved by increasing the OD of the medium. Our work advances the technology in quantum information manipulation utilizing photons.

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Chen YH, Lee MJ, Hung W, Chen YC, Chen Y-F, Yu IA. Interaction between two stopped light pulses. In Frontiers in Physics - 4th International Meeting, IMFP 2013. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2014. p. 17-26. (AIP Conference Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4866919