Interaction Expands Function: Social Shaping of the Therapeutic Robot PARO in a Nursing Home

Wan Ling Chang, Selma Sabanovic

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We use the "social shaping of technology and society" framework to qualitatively analyze data collected through observation of human-robot interaction (HRI) between social actors in a nursing home (staff, residents, visitors) and the socially assistive robot PARO. The study took place over the course of three months, during which PARO was placed in a publicly accessibly space where participants could interact with it freely. Social shaping focuses attention on social factors that affect the use and interpretation of technology in particular contexts. We therefore aimed to understand how different social actors make sense of and use PARO in daily interaction. Our results show participant gender, social mediation, and individual sense making led to differential use and interpretation of the robot, which affected the success of human-robot interactions. We also found that exposure to others interacting with PARO affected the nursing staff's perceptions of robots and their potential usefulness in eldercare. This shows that social shaping theory provides a valuable perspective for understanding the implementation of robots in long-term HRI and can inform interaction design in this domain.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHRI 2015 - Proceedings of the 2015 ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages343-350
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781450328821
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Mar 2
Event10th Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction, HRI 2015 - Portland, United States
Duration: 2015 Mar 22015 Mar 5

Publication series

NameACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction
Volume2015-March
ISSN (Electronic)2167-2148

Conference

Conference10th Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction, HRI 2015
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityPortland
Period15-03-0215-03-05

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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