Interfacial magnetic coupling in Co/antiferromagnetic van der Waals compound FePS3

Alltrin Dhanarajgopal, Po Chun Chang, Shi Yu Liu, Tzu Hung Chuang, Der Hsin Wei, Chien Cheng Kuo, Chia-Nung Kuo, Chin Shan Lue, Wen Chin Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, a Co-thin film was deposited on the van der Waals compound of FePS3 for the investigation of interfacial magnetic coupling, which is crucial to the application in spintronic devices. As characterized by atomic force microscopy, the exfoliated FePS3 surface was composed of defects within ±1 monolayer height. The Co thin film covered the FePS3 substrate uniformly with a roughness within ±0.5 nm. The 2 nm-Pd/7 nm-Co/FePS3 exhibited isotropic magnetism in the surface plane and the magnetic coercivity drastically decreased by more than 50% when the temperature was elevated from 85 K to 110–120 K, which is nearly the Néel temperature of FePS3. This observation indicates the interfacial magnetic coupling between Co and FePS3. The Co/FePS3 magnetic coupling is robust even after annealing up to 200 °C. Furthermore, the measurement of X-ray magnetic circular dichroism confirmed the presence of non-compensated Fe moment along the in-plane direction is parallel to the Co magnetization direction. The net Fe-moment is supposed to play an essential role in mediating the magnetic coupling between the in-plane ferromagnetic Co and the perpendicular antiferromagnetic FePS3.

Original languageEnglish
Article number150864
JournalApplied Surface Science
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Nov 30

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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